Endometriosis Treatment in India

Dr. Hrishikesh Pai is a well-known IVF doctor in India, having three decades of experience in this field. He is a Founder and Director of Bloom IVF Group, which is considered one of the best IVF centre in India.

Over the years, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai has pioneered many treatments and brought about revolutionary fertility treatment changes.Years of experience and profound knowledge makes him one of the best IVF doctor in Mumbai for endometriosis treatment.

Around 10% of women have endometriosis, which is a leading cause of infertility. However, there are treatment options available.  Dr. Hrishikesh Pai can either treat endometriosis medically or surgically, depending on your symptoms. At our IVF centre in Mumbai, we have successfully helped thousands of women with endometriosis conceive and have a healthy baby.

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    What is endometriosis?

    Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease that affects almost two out of every five women unable to conceive.

    It is a painful condition wherein the tissues that should be developing within the uterus grows outside instead. The ovaries, fallopian tubes, peritoneum, and intestines are the most common sites for this tissue to form.

    It behaves similarly to uterine tissue during your period, breaking down and bleeding at the end of the cycle. But this blood has nowhere to go.

    Due to this, the surrounding areas could become inflamed or swollen, and you may have scar tissue and lesions. They can block your fallopian tubes or cover your ovaries.

    Endometriosis and infertility

    The growths are not cancerous. However, if they interfere with the reproductive organs, it might be not easy to conceive:

    • Endometrial tissue that wraps around your ovaries will prevent your eggs from being released.
    • Sperm cannot travel up your fallopian tubes if the tissue is present.
    • It can also prevent a fertilized egg from making its way to your uterus through your tubes.
    • It has the potential to alter your body’s hormonal chemistry.
    • It can stimulate your immune system to attack the embryo.
    • It can impact the layer of tissue that lines your uterus where the egg implants.

    Symptoms of endometriosis

    Some women experience no symptoms. However, they include:

    • Menstrual irregularity
    • Discomfort with bowel movement
    • Pelvic pain
    • Infertility
    • Painful coitus

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      Treatment for endometriosis

      There are several options available for endometriosis treatment in India at our clinic. It can be treated with hormonal medications (pills that contain progesterone) or surgically, depending on your severity and symptoms. Some treatments include:

      Laparoscopic Surgery

      Endometrioma, the most common form of endometriosis, occurs in the ovaries as a small balloon filled with blood and a chocolate-like brown substance.  The capsule covers the balloon.

      During the procedure, Dr. Hrishikesh Pai will drain the chocolate substance and dissect the capsule from normal ovarian tissue, taking care not to damage the ovarian tissue or deplete the oocytes while removing the endometrioma.

      Infertility treatment

      If an endometrioma is discovered during a routine ultrasound, it may be overlooked and treated as part of a standard infertility evaluation. The doctor can scan for tubal patency and use IUI for 2 to 4 cycles of ovulation induction. If that fails, we may use IVF instead. You do not need laparoscopy before IVF.

      However, in patients with large endometriomas (which can obstruct oocyte extraction during IVF) or symptoms such as discomfort, a laparoscope may be used to drain the endometrioma and remove the capsule while being careful not to harm the ovarian tissue. Carbon dioxide laser helps reduce the damage.

      Alternatively, the doctor may leave the capsule parts closest to the ovarian hilum behind to minimize oocyte loss.However, the recurrence rate is higher with this partial capsule withdrawal. An AMH examination may be performed both before and after the endometrioma is removed. If AMH is reduced after surgery, you should undergo IVF treatment immediately.

      Unmarried girls can undergo fertility preservation by having their oocyte retrieved and freezing them.

      Reason for undergoing endometriosis treatment in India

      The most important thing to remember is that if endometriosis is linked to infertility, you will need treatment to speed up pregnancy, such as IUI or IVF.It is crucial not to delay the pregnancy process unnecessarily.

      When consulting with our doctor about endometriosis, it is crucial to be specific about your treatment objectives, such as improving fertility and becoming pregnant.

      Some endometriosis therapies are not recommended for women who are attempting to conceive.

      If you are taking hormonal medications to control the symptoms of endometriosis, you will have to discontinue them if you are planning to conceive.

      Frequently Asked Questions

      If you are having trouble conceiving naturally and have signs that may be due to endometriosis, you should see your doctor or a fertility specialist.

      Severe endometriosis may deform the tubes and ovaries, and scar tissue or cysts can prevent the egg from being released. Although mild endometriosis has been linked to infertility in some cases, the exact reason is unknown.

      It is also necessary to keep in mind that even women who have severe pain due to endometriosis can still conceive naturally.

      Pregnancy does not cure endometriosis, as the pain can return when you get periods after giving birth.

      Prenatal sex determination & sex selection is illegal in India and not done here. It is a punishable offence.