If you’ve come to this page, you’re probably looking for answers, support, hope, and guidance on how to deal with infertility after you’ve already tried to conceive. The reality is, you’re not by any means alone.
When it comes to infertility in general, an estimated 12 percent of women in the United States have trouble becoming pregnant or staying pregnant. Secondary infertility, which happens after one or more successful pregnancies, typically comes as a shock to people.
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We recognise that secondary infertility may cause a variety of difficult feelings, including despair, pessimism, bewilderment, frustration, and even guilt. This is a safe place to learn more about secondary infertility, whether you’ve been formally diagnosed or are having early difficulties becoming pregnant again.
The inability to conceive a child or bring a pregnancy to term after having previously given birth is known as secondary infertility. The prior birth must have happened without the use of reproductive medicines or therapies, such as in vitro fertilisation, to be classified as secondary infertility. Secondary infertility is usually identified after six to a year of unsuccessful attempts to conceive. Recurrent pregnancy loss is a disorder in which individuals and couples are able to conceive but are unable to take the pregnancy to term.
What factors contribute to secondary infertility?
The reasons of primary and secondary infertility are frequently the same. The most essential thing to remember is that infertility is almost always not your fault. We understand that this doesn’t make it any easier to deal with, but it can give you greater confidence in your ability to identify evidence-based options that may help you conceive effectively.
The following are some of the most prevalent reasons of infertility in general, as well as secondary infertility.
Problems with egg quantity or quality:
Women are born with a finite number of eggs and are unable to produce more once they give birth.
Problems with the fallopian tubes include the following:
Pelvic infections like chlamydia or gonorrhoea can obstruct the fallopian tubes, which deliver eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
If a mother just breastfeeds her infant, her body will stop ovulating or producing eggs for fertilisation.
Gaining weight or making other lifestyle changes:
In certain people, weight increase might contribute to ovarian dysfunction. Certain diets may have an impact on fertility. Medications can also have an impact on fertility.
Obstacles to the uterus or the fallopian tubes
Structural issues can make it difficult to conceive. If the fallopian tubes are blocked, for example, sperm and egg may not be able to meet. A structural or tissue abnormality in the uterus may also impede implantation.
Scarring from a C-section
It’s possible to get isthmocele, or scarring in the uterus, if you had a caesarean birth with a prior pregnancy. An isthmocele can cause uterine irritation, which can prevent implantation.
What treatments are available for secondary infertility?
Treatments for infertility, whether primary or secondary, are similar and include:
- Medications to trigger ovulation in women with ovulatory disorders, such as clomiphene (Clomid) and letrozole.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a technique for increasing the chances of conception by surgically implanting sperm into a woman’s uterus. IUI can make use of sperm donors.
- Women’s uterine disorders are treated by surgery. Doctors can treat structural issues in the uterus, such as scar tissue, poylps, and fibroids. Testicular varicocele is repaired by surgery. This is the most surgically correctable cause of infertility in men.
- Antioxidants and anti-aging vitamins can help men become more fertile. Drug therapy can also help to increase the quality of sperm.
Anyone, including you, your spouse, and loved ones, can be affected by secondary infertility on a physical and emotional level. It’s critical to discuss all of your issues, difficulties, and aspirations with your doctor.
This way, you’ll be directed to the appropriate resources to assist you in your efforts to conceive again. Stay tough (it’s okay to weep), rely on your support systems, seek out inspiring success stories, and never give up hope.